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Geller Editor. Currently unavailable. We don't know when or if this item will be back in stock. Book Description Publication Date: October 21, From aspects of early trials to complex modeling problems, Advances in Clinical Trial Biostatistics summarizes current methodologies used in the design and analysis of clinical trials.
Table of contents
Its chapters, contributed by internationally renowned methodologists experienced in clinical trials, address topics that include Bayesian methods for phase I clinica. Clinical trials have two purposes -- to treat the patients in the trial, and to obtain information which increases our understanding of the disease and especially how patients respond to treatment. Statistical design provides a means to achieve both these aims, while statistical data analysis provides methods for extracting useful information from the trial data. Recent advances in statistical computing have enabled statisticians to implement very rapidly a broad array of methods which previously were either impractical or impossible.
Biostatisticians are now able to provide much greater support to medical researchers working in both clinical and laboratory settings. As our collective toolkit of techniques for analyzing data has grown, it has become increasingly difficult for biostatisticians to keep up with all the developments in our own field.
Advances in Clinical Trial Biostatistics
Recent Advances in Clinical Trial Design and Analysis brings together biostatisticians doing cutting-edge research and explains some of the more recent developments in biostatistics to clinicians and scientists who work in clinical trials. I would recommend the book to biostatisticians who want to stay up-to-date on recent developments in the design and analysis of clinical trials. I can certainly recommend it as a very useful addition to a multidisciplinary library.
Many of the topics coverd are yet to reach standard textbooks; their accumulation under one title is a valuable contributions.
Contemporary Clinical Trials
A Bayesian model for evaluating specificity of treatment effects in clinical trials. Stratified-adjusted versus unstratified assessment of sample size and power for analyses of proportions. Food and Drug Administration FDA now requires manufacturers of new or high-risk medical devices to provide data demonstrating clinical safety and effectiveness.
Scott Surgical interventions pose unique challenges since surgical approaches are typically undertaken for patients with a good prognosis and may not be amenable to randomization or masking investigators and patients to the intervention, all conditions which can lead to biases.
Clinical trials are useful for demonstrating efficacy and safety of various medical therapies, preventative measures and diagnostic procedures if the treatment can be applied uniformly and potential biases controlled. In addition to testing novel therapies, clinical trials frequently are used to confirm findings from earlier studies. When the results of a study are surprising or contradict biological theory, a confirmatory trial may follow.
Medical practice generally does not change based upon the results of one study. Design flaws, methodological errors, problems with study conduct, or analysis and reporting mistakes can render a clinical trial suspect. Hence, confirmation of results in a replicative study, or a trial extending the use of the therapy to a different population, is often warranted.
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- Contemporary Clinical Trials - Journal - Elsevier?
- ARA | Biostatistics & Data Management for Clinical Trials | Advance Research Associates;
- Advances in clinical trial biostatistics - Semantic Scholar;
- ISBN 13: 9780792332350.
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Patient recruitment can be difficult. Some multi-center across institutions clinical trials cost up to hundreds of million of dollars and take five years or more to complete. Prevention trials, conducted in healthy subjects to determine if treatments prevent the onset of disease, are important but the most cumbersome, lengthy, and expensive to conduct. For comparative trials, the window usually exists relatively early in the development of a new therapy.
Advances in Clinical Trial Biostatistics - CRC Press Book
If the treatment becomes widely accepted or discounted based on anecdotal experience, it may become impossible to formally test the efficacy of the procedure. Even when clinicians remain unconvinced of efficacy or relative safety, patient recruitment can become problematic.
Some important medical advances have been made without the formal methods of controlled clinical trials, i.