He seems to be suggesting, first, that all social sciences become self-reflexive, and second, that they are at their best when they relate contemporary events. Treating literature as a meta-category does not get us any closer to distinguishing between fiction and non-fiction. In arguing that there is nothing wrong with vivid imagery and even attributing thoughts to people in the past, Jablonka means for historians to express their personal engagement with their subject rather than hide behind a terse, impersonal tone.
Jablonka acknowledges that that too strong an engagement might bias the interpretation, but he is confident that he has introduced enough checks and balances to preclude that.
«Ce monde périssable et sa gloire frivole Est une comédie où j'ignorais mon rôle» - Persée
She had spent the evening with Tony Meilhon, a drug-addled thief in his early thirties. Despite having a boyfriend she liked and friends she texted constantly, she seemed to be in a reckless mood that day, cheating on her boyfriend with his best friend for a lark and hooking up with Tony. She had been depressed the last few months. After her death, three letters were discovered in which she gave away her belongings, which were taken to be suicide notes.
They went drinking and sniffed some cocaine something she had not done before. He bought her gloves and picked her up again after her evening shift.
In the middle of a blow-job so the forensics would show , she demanded to be driven back to her scooter, threatening to go to the police the next day. Tony dropped her back at the hotel but, in a paroxysm of rage, decided to pursue her in his stolen car , and knocked her off her scooter 50 meters from her house. He then shoved her inside the trunk, beat her to death, and cut her body into pieces that he tossed in two different ponds. The police found the different limbs months apart.
When he grew interested in the case several years later Jablonka revisited every aspect. It is not easy to escape such flaws when one is conducting an investigation. To establish a rapport with the professionals involved, Jablonka drew parallels between the historian-as-detective and professional investigators, policemen, magistrates and journalists, all equally engaged in a search for the truth.
Guillaume Apollinaire-Alcools (Athlone French Poets) (French Edition)(2001)
He thus stretched a fraternal hand to professionals who work from different premises. He convinced enough of his interlocutors to grant him access to all documents related to the case. As he himself explained, sharing a common ethos created a bond, and he developed friendships with several of them. On the other hand, he found he had little to say to the youths he interviewed, although he believed they had a silent understanding. Yet he cannot suppress his contempt for their working-class culture. They went on strike. For a brief moment, the strike spread nationally.
The perpetrator was not a repeat sex offender, however, but a small-time drug dealer with a violent streak and a prison record. He hated sex offenders and had raped a fellow inmate with a stick to demonstrate his distaste. If he posed a threat, psychologists concluded, it lay in the future, as he seemed a woman-hating serial killer in the making. The lives of the sisters — like those of the nineteenth-century foundlings in his academic research — are approached through their suffering.
This princess deserves a Little Prince in which the solemnity of adults would be excluded:. Should we consider his statement a page later to be fiction or sociological observation? The twins learned that when she cries from pain or from distress, mommy just obeys her nature. All those traumas have, so to speak, prepared the terrain. It is in this sense that one can speak of destiny, of lives programmed for violence and submission. All this is speculation that he ties to a physiology of poverty. As he presents it, the Perrais twins are products of the Nantes underclass, huddled in their HLM when they are so lucky —the girls live on the street for a while with their father , struggling with unemployment, alcoholism, abuse, violence, prison, learning disabilities, and general dysfunctionality.
Extended family does its best, but everyone is trapped, or so it would appear.
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Men rule, sometimes with their fists, and women tremble and obey. Every description accentuates poverty and deprivation. Jablonka has taken more pictures of his own daughters in one month. The good times get short shrift such as the vacations that the Patrons took them on. Given their background, however, this is the only future possible for these girls, neither one of whom is dim. Speaking of Jessica sitting with him in a cafeteria:.
If they knew that this innocuous young woman hid a heroine of our times whose moral strength can serve as a model in moments of small or great distress, the entire refectory would fall on its knees. For example, how she felt about Tony, providing no proof but a vague reference to the helping professions:. Why does Jablonka allow himself such liberties? Like herself, her sister was trusting and too easily influenced.
But, he adds, most turn back from the abyss, recall that they are loved, and go back home. No to Meilhon. No to authority and cocaine. No to decisions made for you. No to threats, to harrassment, to beatings, to unwanted sex. She demanded that he take her back to La Bernerie. It comes down, he believes, to her disappointment that the Patron family had not proven a haven for her and her sister. She had looked for the comfort of a loving family, and had discovered another series of deception.
As far as the judge was concerned, Patron might have done so, but for magistrates, the truth resides in what the law considers objective evidence. But he stubbornly returns to childhood trauma as the guiding force. Actually, the question is irrelevant. They refused, despite her frantic pleas. Like her sister, Jablonka surmises, she had looked for love and had accepted it came at a price. Despite this, her foster family rejected her.
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Nouvelle commission au mesme sieur de Mons pour continuer son entreprise. Note 1: retour. II, p. Note 2: retour. Note 3: retour. Note 4: retour. Note 5: retour. Note 6: retour. Note 7: retour. Note 8: retour. Il le fit. Note 9: retour. IV, ch. Il y a un petit lac. Elle porte aujourd'hui le nom de baie de Townsend. Aujourd'hui la baie de Fundy. Ferland Cours d'Histoire, I, p. Auraient-ils traduit par Bay of Fundy les mots que portent d''anciennes cartes: Fond de la Baie?