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Add to Wish List. Interval The difference between two note pitches. Intervals are named according to the number of letter names they span, eg from C to D is a second, C to F is a fourth, etc. Inversion The order of notes in a chord is changed. A first inversion would see the root shifted up an octaveto the top of a chord. Key The scale on which a piece of music is based.
Basic Music Theory for Beginners - The Complete Guide | Icon Collective
The key takes its name from the tonic, or first note of this scale. Major scale The most common scale in Western music. A series of eight notes with a set pattern of intervals: Major second An interval of two semitones between two different notes. For example, C to D is a major second interval. Major seventh The interval between the root note and the seventh note or 'degree' of a major scale. Equivalent to 11 semitones. Major sixth An interval of nine semitones between two different notes. C to A, for example.
Major third An interval of four semitones between two different notes. Melodic interval When two notes of different pitches are played one after the other - in other words, atwo-note melody. Minor scale The sad-sounding sequence of notes you get when you play a major scale from the sixth note upwards.
Minor second An interval of one semitone between two notes. For example, C to Db is a minor second interval. Minor third An interval of three semitones between two different notes. For example, C to Eb is a minor third interval, as is G to Bb. Minor seventh The interval between the root note and the flattened seventh note or 'degree' of a major scale. Equivalent to ten semitones.
The Musical Alphabet
Minor sixth An interval of eight semitones between two different notes. For example, C to Ab is a minor sixth interval. Mode A type of scale built by starting another scale from a note other than its root. Octave An interval of 12 semitones, at which the two notes have the same 'quality', just one higher and one lower.
Root The lowest note of a chord or scale. C is the root note of a C major chord and of the C major scale. Rootless voicing When an extended chord is played with the root note missing.